Mangoes global production 2020
According to the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), the Worldwide exports of mango experienced a 23% year-on-year increase.
According to Countries Now, the main countries that produce mango are:
The forecasts say that Asia, the largest mango producing region, will control 71% of the world's market by 2029.
Per capita consumption will also grow from 9.8 kg to 12.1 kg, this increase will be due to income growth and preferences in the two main consuming countries, India and China.
Global mango production averages 22% of the area cultivated, and increasing trends in mango production have been observed in South America, Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.
Mango production in Peru has an average annual yield of 1.5 million tonnes, with an annual growth rate of 4.4%. In most mango-producing countries, supply is scarce and only provides a small percentage of their total production. Peru is considered a high volume supplier and is expected to continue to position itself as a dominant supplier. There are also many well-organized exporters competing for price and diversity.
Peru is one of the fastest-growing mango exporting countries in the world, increasing its exports to Europe by 74% in five years to 125 thousand tonnes. Total mango production in Peru has grown to 350 thousand tonnes, the majority of which is destined for export.
Peru overlaps with Ecuador, which leads to uncertainty at the beginning of the Peruvian season, often leading to a shortage of mangoes in the first weeks of July and the end of August.
Peru exported 231,123 tons of fresh mangoes during the 2019/20 campaign, with an increase of 37% over the previous season, according to Juan Carlos Rivera, the general manager of the Association of Peruvian Mango Exporters (APEM).
The season was successful mainly because the weather was favorable without the El Niño phenomenon present.
Besides, because of new legislation in the European Union, there is a requirement that all perishable products imported into the European Union must meet at least one condition: Crops must be certified as free of a fruit fly or undergo a hydrothermal treatment.
Juan Carlos Rivera declared “We already have a system approach in place, which allowed us to continue our exports to the EU”.
On the French market, there aren't Brazilian mangoes anymore and the Peruvian production is arriving on the market.
Italy also imports mangoes from Peru that arrive by air freight, but they are also experimenting cultivation in Sicily, opening a new option in southern Italy.
The United States had a greater presence during the 2019/20 campaign, accounting for 32 percent of shipments, 4 percent higher than the previous campaign.
As of the next campaign, which begins in November and ends in April, Rivera states that there is uncertainty due to the COVID-19.
“We don’t know what’s going to happen in the next campaign,” he said. “It is a mystery from the commercial and logistical point of view. We don’t know what will happen to the target markets, if they will be normal or if there will be restrictions.”
There were also increases in other parts of the world. The Mexican Ministry of agriculture reported an increase in the mango exports of 7.1% during the first semester of 2020, totaling 201.4 million dollars.
In the last decade, Mexican mango experienced significant growth, going from 128 million dollars in 2009 to 422 million dollars in 2019.
Mexico, the world's leading supplier of mangoes, is expected to benefit from higher imports from its main market, the US. It is also expected to grow by 4% each year during the projection period, reaching a global volume share of 25.7% in 2029.
It is early to know what will be the consequences of the pandemic because of the restrictions imposed in each country, but the mango market must remain optimistic.
Mangoes are sensitive to ethylene which causes ripening, softening and internal discoloration. Ozone naturally oxidizes the ethylene gas more effectively, only 40ppb reduce the Ethylene concentrations (ppm) at non detectables levels. ( Skog&Chu, 2001). Controlled or modified atmosphere can help to slow respiration but do little to reduce the Ethylene concentrations or destroy pathogens and viruses. Purfresh's ozone atmosphere for shipping containers system is the safest and most natural purification and disinfection agent for fresh produce.